Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Comparison Islam/Sikhism - 1091 Words

My choice to compare two religions with so many similarities as Islam and Sikhism is mainly based on the fine, but very distinct differences and the interesting fact that they geographically meet in the Punjab Region between India and Pakistan. When comparing the factual data like number of followers and geographical distribution, it becomes clear that Islam is the heavyweight of the two. Islam with it’s over one billion followers of many different ethnicities and nationalities is the second largest religion in the world. Sikhism is the fifth largest with about 20 million followers. Geographically the difference is even bigger: while Islam is the dominating religion in an area reaching from North amp; Western Africa all the way to†¦show more content†¦Both were chosen by God to deliver the sacred message to mankind. Even though Islam was already established West of the Punjab when Sikhism developed, there are distinct differences such as the refusal of so-called â€Å"empty rituals† by Sikhs, while Muslims have a very ritualized form of prayer and refuse the display of huma n images in places of worship. A common theoretical characteristic is that both religions acknowledge the direct relation between man and God without the need of a mediator like a priest or other dignitary. An interesting aspect is that both religions have concepts or principles regarding war. Sikhs have a concept of â€Å"just war† called Dharam Yudh. In their view, war should be the last resort and needs to have a just cause like ending oppression for example. The Islamic Jihad can describe the internal struggle of every Muslim to live a decent life according to God or the military action to defend Islam. In Sikhism this warrior mentality is reflected by the carrying of a ceremonial sword or dagger over or under the visible clothing. Muslims identify the sword as Islam’s defender as reflected in the Saudi-Arabian flag. Even visually the followers of both religions are often mistaken for one another – mainly in the Diaspora where ignorance and lack of knowledge often are the cause for such false assumptions. SinceShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Spiritual Conditions May Impact The Success Of Patient s Treatment And How Helpful Human Faith?1394 Words   |  6 PagesThe aim of this paper is to share the spiritual perspectives of people with diverse faiths and to analyze those with Christian philosophy of faith and healing. People from distant beliefs, which include Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam were interviewed. Summary of the interview, comparison of diverse belief systems and writer’s personal insights gained from the interviews are discussed in the paper. There are various religious beliefs, values and traditions among people around the world. Nursing careRead MoreA Comparison of Sikhism and Hinduism Essay1329 Words   |  6 PagesA Comparison of Sikhism and Hinduism What is religion? There is much debate to the exact definition of religion but according to the book Introduction to World Religions, â€Å"It is commonly used to refer to those beliefs, behaviors, and social institutions that have something to do with speculations on any, and all of the following: the origin, end and significance of the universe; what happens after death; the existence and wishes of powerful, non-human beings such as spirits, ancestorsRead MoreHeritage Assessment and Cultural Project1133 Words   |  5 Pageseating rice because it is a grain that grows abundant in that part of the world. Asians believe that ancestors are links to religion and belief system. Religion also plays a big role in the Asian culture. Common religions in this culture are catholic, Islam, and Christianity. They many ask God for protection and guidance the family in daily life.(Miller, nd) Middle Eastern Culture There are many people that have Middle Eastern culture in their families here in the United States. These familiesRead MoreJohn Johnson s American Idealism And Realpolitik Critique885 Words   |  4 PagesIt has been pointed out, especially with the struggle in the middle east, that American military has intruded not only in the political ethics, but sometimes even religious legislation. By basing their judgement on a comparison of Western culture and beliefs such as Islam and Sikhism, their choices are more so inclined to help countries in need to convert to the Western Christian ethics. Simply persuading people to adopt new ideals does not solve every feud, however this seems to be the go-to solutionRead MoreFemale Equality and the Quran1771 Words   |  7 Pagesand domination, warping the truth about Islam, and turning it into a violent regime focused on terrorism and ruling by fear. For example, if one were to do a â€Å"Google search† on the words Muslim women, the preponderance of images are of burka-clad women, with the one exclusion, of course, being Miss Egypt in her bikini. Regardless of where a woman finds herself in the world, she faces different obstacles to her full emancipation. But is it Islam which in itself presents the constraintRead MoreSalvation And Moksha Vs. World Religions1862 Words   |  8 Pagesreligions that will be compared, salvation is a goal or reward that someone pursue throughout their life that can be achieved by living a good life. Salvation Of the religions we covered in class the term salvation is most closely related to Judaism, Islam, but also Jainism which will not be covered in this research paper. Judaism1 Because Christianity was not specifically covered in class, and because as a Christian individual it is natural to compare all of these other religions and their definitionRead MoreThe Culture of Beauty Essay873 Words   |  4 Pagesbeauty. The Western beauty is described as white, usually tan, thin, large breasts, small waists, and delicate features. Mostly all present day people from various races prefer a Western ideal of beauty. This idea of beauty is commonly used as a comparison tool no matter what race religion, or culture a person is. The Western culture and the never ending evolution of beauty has a huge impact on the Eastern ideal of beauty. More and more Eastern men and women have started to style and dress themselvesRead MoreDomestic Policy : Chinese Political Transition914 Words   |  4 Pagesgrowth rate: 1.4% (2011, World Bank) Life expectancy at birth: 66 years (2012, World Bank) Literacy rate: 63% (2006 World Bank) Religions: Hinduism (80.5%), Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism 1.9%), Buddhism (0.7%), Jainism (0.5%), Zoroastrianism , Judaism Human Development Index: 0.554, 134th in the world (2012, UNDP, for comparison: 101th China, Pakistan 145th, 146th Bangladesh) economic data GDP: 1.758 trillion dollars (2013, IMF) GDP per capita: 1,414 dollars (2013, IMF) Growth rate:Read MoreEvaluate Postmodernist Explanations of the Role and Functions of Religion in Contemporary Society.1606 Words   |  7 Pagesargued that religion has not always been patriarchal and that in early history women were considered central to spirituality and archaeologists have found numerous symbols of the great mother goddess, in comparison there were few portrayals of male gods. With the advent of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, monotheistic religions largely replaced polytheistic religions. In all these cases god was portrayed as a male. Jean Holm argues that in the public sphere of religion when important positions are heldRead MoreWorld Religion5936 Words   |  24 Pages 2. Account for the kindness to animals displayed in Hinduism. Why does the cow receive special consideration? 3. Give some examples of multiplicity within Hindu art and explain their purpose. 4. Summarize the relationship between Hinduism and Islam in India. Group C 1. What were the influences that shaped Mohandas Gandhi’s philosophy? Highlight the key ideas and methods employed by Gandhi. 2. Discuss the current status of untouchables and the caste system. 3. How has the role of women changes

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Victims Compensation Policies in California - 542 Words

Victims Compensation Community-Based Program: Crime Victims United of California is an organization which helps the victims of violent or serious crime to regain normalcy within their lives. Besides helping individual victims, they also are legislative activists helping support laws which support victims. According to the group, they use education and legislative advocacy to promote public safety and to make people aware of what are their rights when they are victimized by crime. Within the parameters of their programs for victims, CVUC provides psychological treatment as well as support emotionally and, if needed, financially to help people. They provide everything from a place to stay if they are psychologically or physically unable to return to their homes to education on what their rights are as a victim of a crime. These are limited as the primary focus of the group is in pushing forward legislation to protect people and also in providing legal representation to those who otherwise might not have representation or are relia nt on legal representatives without expertise or particular interest in the case at hand. The attorneys and legal authorities working with CVUC are focused on advocating for the victim in terms of financial remuneration and also in representing the victim within the courtroom setting and in protecting the victim from being forced to interact with the perpetrator of the crime later on, such as in parole hearings where a victim is forced to reliveShow MoreRelatedBatter Women Syndrome- Domestic Violence Essay1097 Words   |  5 Pagesprotect individuals affected by domestic violence/ battering. My overall goal for this essay is to remind people of the historical origins behind this social issue, the advancements that have been made by our society in the legal system, and to suggest policy changes to improve the legal protection of domestic violence/battered women. The Unites States recognized battered women as a social and legal problem in the 1970’s. Prior to the 1970’s the English common law stated that men could punish his wifeRead MoreAnalysis Of Robert Walker s The Idea Of Crime1965 Words   |  8 Pagespunishment. Toward the turn of the twentieth-century a more professional stance regarding prosecution had both erased and evaporated the victim almost entirely. A policy that would make the criminal justice system oriented to society, focused on a perception for better identification within the court room workgroup assemblage, removing the victim’s own standing. Our society had decidedly placed a value on punishment and deterrence. Prosecutors would bear the face of the indicter rather than the suffererRead MorePunishment Philosophies1704 Words   |  7 Pagesefforts on the areas of crime that most concern them, ideally reducing the sociological impacts of specific types of crime. For some offense, compulsory sente ncing establishes a mandatory minimum incarceration period, which, if supplemented by the policy of truth-in-sentencing, ensures that an offender serve no less than this nondiscretionary requirement. Aside from these, most sentencing is determined through judicial discretion, derived from subscribed precedents, considerations of mitigating factorsRead MoreCompensation Cases and Their Impact on China and Japan3257 Words   |  14 PagesHistory and the notion of compensation are two key aspects in the study of Sino-Japanese relations. During the 1980s, the opening up by the People’s Republic of China’s government about war atrocities led a number of victims to seek reparations and apologies from Japan. Compensation cases were brought forward from the 1990s and broke the silence about what had ‘truly’ happened during the war. Moreover, the rapid spread of new information about the past prompted increased tensions between the twoRead More Workplace Violence Essay3872 Words   |  16 Pagesviolence and efforts at developing safety measures. Another serious episode involving workplace violence occurred on July 1, 1993, in San Francisco, California. A disgruntled businessman opened fire in a high-rise law office killing eight people and wounding six others. He took his own life shortly afterwards. On January 24, 1992, in San Diego, California, a failed union reinstatement hearing at General Dynamic’s Conveyor plant resulted in the shooting death of labor representative Michael Konz, byRead More The Government Struggle to Combat Identity Theft Essay4278 Words   |  18 Pagesmake matters even worse, the few proposed bills that might be effective face a likely death at the hands of a Republican dominated Congress. Ultimately, Congress lacks the innovation and understanding to combat identity theft, leading to incoherent policies that do little to curb this new epidemic. II. A Short History Before identify theft laws were passed, Congress could only rely on fraud statutes to prosecute identity thieves. Before 1998, government officials interested in prosecuting underRead MoreBusiness Law Paper15517 Words   |  63 PageseHarmony BUSI 2601B Dr. G. Levasseur March 8th, 2015 Table of Contents I Executive Summary 1 II Introduction 3 Overview and Objectives: 3 Methodology: 3 Business Relationship: 5 III Clausal Description and Explanation 6 Document 1: Privacy Policy (3 pages) 6 Document Two: Terms of Service (five pages) 18 IV Application of Legal Principles 32 V Lessons Learned, Recommendations and Example Scenario 46 VI Legal Corrective Measures 49 V Conclusion 55 I Executive Summary The concept of onlineRead MoreDomestic Violence Against Women6693 Words   |  27 Pageshas been ignored for centuries with no focused attention. Violence is clearly a problem. Most agree that the solution to violence against women is to prevent it completely from ever occurring through measures which include harsher laws such as policies and procedures. Domestic Violence against women reaches all socioeconomic levels. Domestic Violence is not prejudice. However, most women whom suffer from domestic violence have come from a life of poverty and little or no education. There areRead MoreWal Mart Case Study The Challenge of Managing Relationships with Stakeholders17330 Words   |  70 PagesAdditionally, the Equal Pay Act, an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act, prohibits unequal pay for equal work on the basis of sex. These basic labor and civil rights laws have become an issue at Wal-Mart. In 2001, six women sued Wal-Mart in California claiming the company discriminated against women by systematically denying them promotions and paying them less than men. The lawsuit has expanded to potentially the largest class action in U.S. history – on behalf of more than 1 million currentRead MoreInnocence Trapped Within : Crj 422 Criminal Justice Capstone5487 Words   |  22 Pages(Protection of People’s Right) and many other forces to get these offenders behind bars where they belong. Maya filed her complaint with the local police and this lead to a trial within District Court. With the evidence provided along with the victim’s testimony it brought the convictions needed. The offenders pleaded for their lives and said that they were from a poor economic backgrounds and unable to pay or make restitution. With this plea the judge ruled that the fines be cut in half and

Monday, December 9, 2019

The Magicians Nephew †Temptation †Reflection Statement free essay sample

Reflection Statement My visual representation is of the temptation genre. It is a scene out of the book ‘The Magicians Nephew’ showing the decision that the character Digory has to make, regarding whether to eat the apple and be youthful forever or take it to Aslan and save his mother’s live. To illustrate to the reader the choice Digory has to make I have used multiple visual techniques. I have used symbolism mainly on, the character in question, Digory. The question mark over his head suggests confusion on which path to chose, good, or evil. It is in bold and contrasting the other colours because I want his confusion to be noted. The silver apple in Digory’s hand represents good and evil; depending on which path he decides to take. The small girl represents Polly and she is wearing a pale blue dress, and the dark brown horse with wings represents the character Fledge. We will write a custom essay sample on The Magicians Nephew – Temptation – Reflection Statement or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The woman to the opposite side of the page represents Jadis the queen of Charn and she’s evil. At the bottom of the page there is the rhyme that clarifies the choices and their outcomes. I have put Digory in the centre of the page because he is the main character in the scene, and the outcome rests on his shoulders. He is the salient image while, the other characters are part of the scene and relevant, they are not the focus. Polly, Fledge and, Jadis are on opposite sides of the page because they are opposition to each other, and all the while, Digory decides. I have used mostly earthy and green colours to indicate freshness of the new world. Jadis’s dress is deep dark purple, the colour of royalty, because she was the majestic queen of Charn and the darker colours represent how she is demonic and evil. Polly, on the other hand, is wearing pale blue because she is good and innocent. The writing at the bottom has a gold background because it was written on the gate and the gate was gold. Overall, I feel that my visual representation clearly represents temptation in the book ‘The Magicians Nephew’. I like the layout and think that the spacing shows a good understanding of the bonds between Digory and Polly, and Digory and Jadis. I also love how the rhyme at the bottom of the page fits with the picture nicely. If I were to do this again I would use a border, and I hope the reader likes and feels for my drawing.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Starbucks Competitors Analysis

The first product, which is coffee, its main competitors, are Seattle’s Best and Folgers. The other breakfast cereal products, its principal competitors, are Kellogg, Post, and General Mills. There are still other competitors in the market, but Star bucks uses a strategy of quality and diversification, to remove the upcoming competitors.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Starbucks Competitors Analysis – Sample Research Paper specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Another strategy applied by Star bucks against its competitors is concentrating its outlets at one point. According to the reports that were obtained in 2005, Star bucks had a net profit of $494.5 million, Kellogg $980.4 million, General Mills $ 1240 million, and Folgers $2546 million(Avlonitis 113). 4P’s of Star bucks As mentioned above, the major products of this company are breakfast products such as coffee and cereals. The compa ny used this strategy, as a way of placing itself at a more competitive edge than its competitors’ place. The product uniqueness of the two main products is ranged as medium. The nutritional value of coffee is categorized as low while that of cereal is high. The taste of Star bucks coffee is ranged as high, while that of cereals is medium compared to that of competitors(Grant 98). The pricing of Star bucks coffee is relatively low compared to that of some competitors, as away of making it hard for other competitors to survive in the market. The company lowers this price intentionally, as their competing strategy. However, the price of cereals compensate for coffee, as it is medium price(Grant 102). Star bucks insist that quality of their products comes first. Through provision of quality products to the customers, customers have build brand loyalty. The company has made extra efforts in ensuring its products reach the intended customers at the right place and condition. Star bucks have ventured in more than fifty countries with so many outlets. The company has even introduced online selling of its products, whereby the customers can purchase the products anywhere, and anytime. This has created much convenience for those customers, who are always busy (Avlonitis 174). They also have a tendency of reaching the customers by concentrating their outlets at one point. Star buck is known to promote its both nationally and internationally levels. They have used various media services to reach the customers through placing adverts for their quality products. Severally, they hold promotion for their products, where people are given chances to taste their coffee, as an effort of building brand loyalty to the customers. Star bucks development brand image In 2010, when star bucks were celebrating its 40th anniversary, the key theme was to facilitate the development of their brand image. The company introduced new images for coffee cups, cups holders, as well as for the shopping bags(Grant 230). During this period, the company also introduced a new coffee blend to the public, which they named Tribute. All these new modifications to their products were for ensuring the constant development of their brand image.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The new identity was marked by a bright green color that showed vibrancy of the products. The company wanted to portray the act of evolution for their products. The main theme was to re-energize their customers, both existing and new ones. Any change to the brand image of the company should be carefully handled, as it may end up confusing the customers. The understanding and acceptance of customers are very crucial factor that need to be considered first(Grant 162). The change may also act as a limitation of widening the product line, as they may end up loosing the new customers, who may no t be so familiar with the company. Works Cited Avlonitis, George. Product and services management. New York: SAGE, 2006. Grant, Robert. Contemporary strategy analysis. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. This research paper on Starbucks Competitors Analysis – Sample Research Paper was written and submitted by user Rashad Robinson to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Dread Scott essays

Dread Scott essays The Dred Scott case was the final blow to Abolitionists. It ended the notion of freedom for African Americans. What makes this case interesting is the role the justices play on the issue of slavery. In 1856, a slave, Dred Scott, sued his master, Doctor Emmerson. Scott claimed that Emmerson had taken him from Missouri into the Northwest. The Supreme Court finally processed the case in 1857 and Chief Justice Taney delivered the decision on March 6th. It declared three things. First, according to the constitution, Negroes are not citizens of the United States. (Daily Courier) Secondly, the Ordinance of 1857 had no independent legal effect subsequently to the adoption of the constitution, and could not operate of itself to confer freedom or citizenship within the Northwest Territory on Negroes, not citizens by the constitution. Lastly, he also declared the Provision Act of 1820, commonly called the Missouri Compromise, so far as it is understood to exclude Negro slavery from and communicate freedom and citizenship to Negroes in the northern part of the country is unconstitutional. (Illinois State Register) Justice Catron stated that because the plaintiff was a Negro of African blood, he then had no rights as a citizen of Missouri to maintain a suit in the Circuit Court. (Tourolaw) This case gave hard blows to Abolitionists. Seven out of two judges reinforced what the south had been endorsing for many years, that slavery is beyond the limits of the Constitution and that it [slavery] is guaranteed by the constitutional compact. Southern papers mocked the Union and its abolitionist and praised the Supreme Courts ruling. It is apparent in here from one article, It appears that we, Secessionists, have been all the while not disturbing the law, not intruding novelties upon the country, not seeking to break up established principles, but that we have been simpl...

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Showing, Not Telling, Personality Through Speech and Thought

Showing, Not Telling, Personality Through Speech and Thought Showing, Not Telling, Personality Through Speech and Thought Showing, Not Telling, Personality Through Speech and Thought By Mark Nichol You know the fiction-writing dictum â€Å"Show, don’t tell.† But how does it apply in practical terms when it comes to communicating characterization without exposition? People in different eras have unique speech and speech patterns, but restrain yourself from indulging in periodization in your historical novel; if your Elizabethan-era characters talk like Shakespeare’s, people 1) won’t understand much of what they say and 2) will be distracted by your forced and fatally flawed attempt at authenticity. Do, however, immerse yourself in that period’s society: What did people know about history and sociology and psychology and spirituality (even if they didn’t use those terms to identify them)? What were prevailing political and social and religious viewpoints? How open were people about expressing themselves? Be careful not to let modern sensibilities intrude on the way your characters speak and think, but do permit them and their speeches and thoughts to be accessible to modern readers. The extent to which characters will express their ideas and opinions, or ruminate about them, and the language with which they will do so, depends on a few other factors: People of different generations and different social backgrounds generally speak differently. Geriatric characters should exhibit speech and speech patterns distinct from juvenile ones and consistent with norms unless an exception is a deliberate dramatic point for instance, if a teenager who has switched bodies with an elderly person is trying to pass vocally as well as visually as a senior citizen. Likewise, the speech and thoughts of well-educated characters will usually be distinguishable from that of those of others with less formal schooling. Of course, no one should assume that a person with only a high school education is less intelligent than a college graduate, or the reverse, but their vocabulary and the level of sophistication of their thoughts will, unless they are self-educated, likely differ. Further individualization of characters makes fiction writing more vivid. How does one’s personality affect words and thoughts? A repressed person’s speech patterns will differ significantly from an extrovert’s. A tense, angry character will exhibit different rhythms of speech and thought than a carefree individual. Length of speeches and thoughts is also a consideration: Children do not soliloquize, and philosophically minded people do not tend to make snap judgments. Match the extent to which people speak and think to their personalities. But keep in mind that various sentence lengths and paragraph lengths have differing dramatic values, too long passages tend to be soothing (but, when too long, are soporific), while short bursts create or maintain tension (though, in excess, can be just as wearying as extensive paragraphs). In essence, capitalize on your knowledge of individual characters to establish vocabulary and modes of speech and thought, as well as on familiarity with societal norms for speaking and thinking appropriate to the era in which your characters live. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Fiction Writing category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Possessive of Proper Names Ending in S45 Synonyms for â€Å"Old† and â€Å"Old-Fashioned†While vs. Whilst

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Article critique Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Article critique - Assignment Example In the recent times, the vacancies for headship in school in UK are swelling up at alarming rate with increasing number of head-teachers who are opting for early retirement. Effective succession planning for selection and retention of head-teachers through leadership development programmes has become priority for UK government. The paper would critically analyze the article for the various issues and paradigms within the educational system that promote the need for government programmes. The initiatives are designed to create future educational leaders who would be able to fill the vacancies of senior school staff. Critique The article is highly relevant and gives deep insight into the developing crisis situation in UK schools which are faced with the huge problems of filling the vacancies of Headship with right candidates. Howson report (2007) shows concern on the government’s inability to fill the vacancies of headship in 35% of primary, 19% of secondary and 33% of special s chool. The authors are hopeful that FL program would be able to create committed leaders who would be able to do justice to the post of headship in the future. ... It greatly limits the scope of the programs and deters talents from non academia. They can bring in new ideas and approach to various paradigms of educational system and teaching. The article is divided into two distinct parts: one that elaborates an evaluated the ‘Future Leader’; and second part that tries to look into the crisis that has emerged with low retention and increasing trend of early retirement of the heads of the schools. While the two issues are important paradigms of education system, the authors’ have been ambiguous in clarifying whether the existing heads actually lack leadership traits. The issues have been examined in relative detail so that developing crisis of low retention of senior staff of schools could be identified. But the article is unable to identify linkages between the two issues for efficient delivery of goals of the FL programmes. There is ambiguity as to how the FL would be able to resolve the issue of early retirement of heads. B ut it has been successful in showing the viability of FL in schools primarily because of the fast transforming societal format which has increasingly become multicultural. The authors have used questionnaires, interview schedules and case studies to analyze the inputs from participants of the programme. At various stages of the programmes, the inputs from the participants and various stakeholders like host school management, senior staff, mentors of the participants etc. have been judiciously evaluated against the wider goals and objectives of the programme. The authors assert that while the initial programme was highly successful in developing educational leaders, the

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Non-Punitive Environment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Non-Punitive Environment - Essay Example After personal beliefs are put aside, managers f healthcare units need to think about others. Is the decision going to hurt anyone and if so, who This question is very important in ethical decision making. Managers need to take into account employees feelings and well-being as well as the well-being f the company. If someone is going to be hurt by the decision, a manager may want to reconsider their decision. Hiring employees based on color or race hurts more people than it helps. A decision for hiring a candidate should not be based on color, race, sex or religion it should be based on their performance, education, and skills. The organization may not see the harm they are doing but they are unintentionally hurting themselves by basing their decision on anything other than skill, education, or experience. Diversity within a workplace is very beneficial to an organization. When organizations hire based on race, they are forfeiting their ability to be diverse. When organization values diversity, they can find new ways to overcome unconventional problems because they have many different resources and perspectives being involved in the decision making. Americans rely on the healthcare system for the maintenance and improvement f personal health, which often involves care in the hospital setting. Most patients believe that the American healthcare system provides the highest quality and safest care in the world. It is estimated that four out f every one hundred hospitalized patients in the United States suffers a serious adverse event, such as a nosocomial infection, medication error, or injury related to improper use f equipment or treatment. Clinical issues must be connected to conceptual models f nursing. This substantiates the clinical issue as valid to the practice f nursing. Jacqueline Fawcett (2000) provides a comprehensive review nursing practice, considered from the vantage f widely recognized nursing conceptual frameworks and models. Fawcett suggests that the systems category f knowledge identifies actual and potential problems in the function f systems and delineates intervention strategies that maximize efficient and effective system operation; change is f secondary importance. Most nursing theories utilize the four metaparadims: nursing, health, client, and environment. Safety concerns are relevant to nursing theory because safety is a direct result f the environment. Using Jean Watson' caring theory, Dorothea Orem's, Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory and Patricia Benner's Novice to Expert nursing theory, this paper will discuss several approaches to ensuring patient safety. Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT) can be applied during illness or wellness at any time f life. This theory also works in a variety f care settings with little or no modification. Orem believed nursing should be autonomous in providing care and SCDNT should focus on the patient not the nurse. Nurses provide care for patient's through acting, teaching, supporting, or providing a supportive environment. Acting or doing for another is the usually the first method f assisting with a self-care deficit. This method meets basic needs and doesn't require extensive knowledge or technical ability. Because nurses

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Deficiency Disease Essay Example for Free

Deficiency Disease Essay Diseases that are caused by lack of some particular nutrient in a persons diet are called Deficiency Diseases. Following are some of those diseases, their cause and their treatment: 1. Night-blindness: A child having this disease is unable to see properly in the dark. His eyes become dull and listless and the skin becomes dry. If not treated in time, the child may become blind. Cause: This disease is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin A in the diet. Treatment: A child suffering from night-blindness should take a diet rich in vitamin A. Carrots, fish, fruits, milk, butter, etc., are all good sources of vitamin A. 2. Beri-beri: This is basically a disorder of the nerves. It affects the health of eyes % and skin, growth of the body, formation of muscles and blood. There may also to be stomach and intestinal disturbances. Cause: This disease is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin-B. Treatment: The affected child must eat the foods rich in vitamin B like milk, fish, meat, cereals, egg, etc., and also seek medical advice from a doctor. 3. Scurvy: People suffering from scurvy have swollen and bleeding gums. They lose weight and become weak. Their teeth start shaking and become loose. Cause: This disease is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin-C. Treatment: Oranges, citrus fruits, cabbage, amla, etc., should be included in the diet of the patient. 4. Rickets: In this disease, the bones of the legs become thin, deformed and curved (bow-legged). The bones of the child become weak and soft. Cause: This disease is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin D. Treatment: The affected child must eat the foods rich in vitamin D like milk, fish, meat, butter, egg, etc., and take the advice of a doctor. 5. Anaemia: In this disease, the level of the haemoglobin becomes low gets tired very easily and feels weak. The skin becomes pale. The lips and nails become dull and colourless. Cause: This disease is caused due to the deficiency of iron. Treatment: The person should have plenty of green, leafy vegetables like spinach and cabbage. Meat, apples, beans, dry fruits, etc., should be included in the diet. A doctor must also be consulted immediately. 6. Goitre: In this disease, there is swelling around the neck region of a person. Cause: This disease is caused due to the deficiency of iodine. Treatment: The affected person needs to add iodised salt to his or her food. Prevention: A high standard of nutrition must, however, be aimed at and carefully maintained to ensure complete freedom from these preventable causes of ill-health.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Indians :: essays research papers

Mohegans and Comanches Different or Similar Long ago, the Earth was formed atop the back of a giant turtle. From the earth the Great Spirit put life into all things: trees, plants, animals and people. An Indian was created named Gunche Mundo who developed a Mother Tribe, and divided it into three clans--Turtles, Turkeys and Wolves. The Wolf People, known as Mohegans, separated from the Turtles and Turkeys, and headed east toward the rising sun. While the Mohegans headed east to find land, a tribe called the Comanches headed south. Both of the tribes farmed, hunted, and made money in different ways, but they both believed that the power of the government came from the people. The two tribes had their differences, however they both managed to get by with what they had. From the Southeast corner of Connecticut, the three clans that made up the Mohegan tribe had to hunt, fish, and farm to stay alive. The Mohegans came from the upper Hudson River Valley in New York near Lake Champlain. Around the year 1500, the Mohegans moved to the Thames River Valley in southeastern Connecticut. They named their homeland the Moheganeak. It occupied the upper and western portions of the Thames River. All the Mohegan people lived within three different clans. The three clans made up the Mohegan tribe. Every one of the clans had its own chief. The chiefs had only limited power within the clans. If the Mohegan people did not believe in what the chief had to say, then the people did not have to obey it. One of the ways the Mohegans obtained food was by burning their land around their villages and planting crops. During the spring the woman planted, while the men were on fishing trips. In August the men returned from their fishing adventures to help with harvest. The Mohe gans sustained themselves with fishing and farming, while the Comanches turned to violence to secure food and money. In the Southern groups of the Eastern Shoshoni, the Comanche warriors lived as extended family units and were legendary for raiding villages and other tribes. Unlike the Mohegans, the Comanche moved south and were located between the Platte and Arkansas Rivers. The Mohegans moved very seldom where as the Comanche Indians moved many times. They moved into New Mexico and later moved to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Both the Comanche and the Mohegans based their land area on the name of their tribe.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Caring for Individuals with Additional Needs Essay

A brief introduction to the introductory pack including aims and objectives Include a definition of additional needs Explain why it is important for care practitioners to be aware of the different additional needs that people may have (150 words) P1 –Outline reasons why individuals may experience additional needs – Produce a newsletter What are additional needs – What is a physical disability and how does it have an impact on an individual to be classed as an additional need? What is a sensory disability? Give examples What is a cognitive disability? Give examples (200 words) Define and describe the different types of disabilities, signs and symptoms, cause of the additional need and why they have an additional need – e.g. Down’s syndrome; cystic fibrosis, autistic spectrum, people with mental health problems, asthma, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia ( 1000 words) For example Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) & (ADD) are conditions which result in problem behaviour and poor attention span. Children find it hard to control their behaviour. They might be impulsive, restless and inattentive. Children can have problems learning and socialising. The causes of ADHD are not clear. Possible causes are thought to be brain injury, chemical imbalance in the brain, genetic links, environmental factors and a possible link to diet. Some of these children present more challenging behaviour than others and may require support when socialising and in the learning context. This may result in one-to-one support in class. P2 – Describe models of disability –Booklet to include Define the differences between disability; impairment Explain the different models of disability – such as medical; social, charity and holistic or person centred model and give examples of that substantiate your understanding. Key questions to consider: Is it a positive or negative approach? Does it focus on the ability or disability of people with additional needs? Is there an aim to the model? Is the disabled person labelled as a victim? Give an example of the impact on service provision because of the model of disability P3- Explain the barriers which may be experienced by people with additional needs Define what a barrier could in reference to health and social care settings Identify the barriers that people with additional needs may face e.g. attitudinal barriers; discrimination, barriers to access and opportunities, cultural, stereotyping and discrimination, impact on self-esteem and the effects of this on a disabled person’s well-being and give examples of each barrier described P4 – Explain positive working practice with individuals with additional learning needs – written piece What is an additional learning need? Give examples of this with an explanation What support services can a client with additional learning needs access? What are the principles of positive working practice? E.g. explain empowering care and explain the importance of this when working with clients with additional learning needs What do you understand by person centred planning and why this is an example of positive working practice when working with clients with additional learning needs? What is safeguarding and how significant is this when working with people with additional learning needs? What is positive reinforcement and explain the relevance of this when promoting independence? What is ‘Guidance’ and how can this influence positive working practice / the conduct of carers? Why is it important for care workers to be registered with a regulatory body as positive working practice for people with additional learning needs? ( 2,000 words for p2, p3 and p4 ) Bibliography Boys D and Michie V (2008) BTEC National Health & Social Care Book 2: Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes (in your college library pages 196-237 has unit 26 Caring for people with additional needs – be aware the legislation may vary)

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Stylistic Analysis of the Text “The Last Leaf

/* * */ package javafxgrouping; /** * * @author 094632220 */ public class StudentEntity { // private String id; private String name; private String className; public StudentEntity(){ } public StudentEntity(String aID, String aName, String className) { this. id = aID; this. name = aName; this. className = className; } public String getId() { return id; } public void setId(String id) { this. id = id; } public String getName() { return name; } public void setName(String name) { this. name = name; } public String getClassName() { return className; } public void setClassName(String className) { his. className = className; } @Override public String toString() { String str = id + â€Å",† + name + â€Å",† + className ; return str; } } /* * : TaDB. java * —————————– * HashMap HashMap id( )? * , taMap? HashMap * , (public ): * TaEntity findEntry(String id): * String findName(String id): * int rows(): * Iterator getIterator(): ( ) */ package javafxgrouping; import java. io. BufferedReader; import java. io. FileNotFoundException; import java. io. FileReader; mport java. io. IOException; import java. util. ArrayList; import java. util. HashMap; import java. util. Iterator; import java. util. Map; import java. util. StringTokenizer; /** * * @author */ public class TaDB { /* */ private Map taMap; // (HashMap) /* * TaDB, (TA. txt) * , */ public TaDB(String filename) { taMap = new HashMap(); // /* */ FileReader fr = null; try { fr = new FileReader(filename); } catch (FileNotFoundException e) { System. out. print(â€Å" † + filename + â€Å"! ); } /* */ BufferedReader bf = new BufferedReader(fr); String line; try { // while ((line = bf. readLine()) ! = null) { // , ta ArrayList ta = new ArrayList(); StringTokenizer tokenizer = new StringTokenizer(line, â€Å",†); ta. add(tokenizer. nextToken()); while (tokenizer. hasMoreTokens()) { String token = tokenizer. nextToken(); ta. add(token); } // TaEntity entry = new TaEntity(ta. get(0), ta. get(1), ta. get(2), ta. get(3), ta. get(4), ta. get(5)); // (HashMap) taMap. put(entry. getId(), entry); } } catch (IOException e) { System. ut. print(â€Å" † + filename + â€Å"! â€Å"); } } /* * id( ) , null? */ public TaEntity findEntry(String id) { return taMap. get(id); } /* * id( ) , null? */ public String findName(String id) { return taMap. get(id). getName(); } /* * */ public int rows() { return taMap. size(); } /* * (id) */ public Iterator getIterator() { return taMap. keySet(). iterator(); } } /* * */ package javafxgrouping; /** * * @author */ public class TaEntity { private String id; // private String name; // rivate String iid; // private String email; // private String phone; // private String tutor; // /* */ public TaEntity() { } /* */ public TaEntity(String aID, String aName, String aIID, String aEmail, String aPhone, String aTutor) { this. id = aID; this. name = aName; this. iid = aIID; this. email = aEmail; this. phone = aPhone; this. tutor = aTutor; } /*getter ? setter*/ public String getId() { return id; } public void setId(String ID) { this. id = ID; } public String getName() { return name; } public void setName(String name) { this. name = name; } public String getIid() { eturn iid; } public void setIid(String IID) { this. iid = IID; } public String getEmail() { return email; } public void setEmail(String email) { this. email = email; } public String getPhone() { return phone; } public void setPhone(String phone) { this. phone = phone; } public String getTutor() { return tutor; } public void setTutor(String tutor) { this. tutor = tutor; } * */ @Override public String toString() { String str = id + â€Å",† + name + â€Å",† + iid + â€Å",† + email + â€Å",† + phone + â€Å",† + tutor; return str; } } /* * */ package javafxgrouping; import java. io. FileWriter; import java. io.IOException; import java. io. PrintWriter ; import java. util. ArrayList; import java. util. Iterator; import java. util. Random; import java. util. logging. Level; import java. util. logging. Logger; import javafx. application. Application; import javafx. collections. FXCollections; import javafx. collections. ObservableList; import javafx. event. ActionEvent; import javafx. event. EventHandler; import javafx. scene. Group; import javafx. scene. Scene; import javafx. scene. control. Button; import javafx. scene. control. ListView; import javafx. scene. input. MouseEvent; import javafx. scene. text. Font; import javafx. stage.Stage; /** * * @author */ public class JavaFXGrouping extends Application { // HTML private static String htmlFileName = â€Å"group. xhtml†; // CSS private static String cssFileName = â€Å"style. css†; private final int sceneWidth = 900; // private final int sceneHeight = 660; //// private TaDB taDb = new TaDB(â€Å"src/javafxgrouping/TA. txt†); // // , private StudentsDB studen tsDb = new StudentsDB(â€Å"src/javafxgrouping/Students. txt†); private ArrayList taIdArray = new ArrayList(); // d private ArrayList studentIdArray = new ArrayList(); // id private ArrayList studentAdd = new ArrayList(); private int studentsNo = studentsDb. rows(); private int groupNo = taDb. rows(); // , private Button btn = new Button(â€Å" â€Å"); // â€Å" â€Å" private Button btn1 = new Button(â€Å" HTML â€Å"); // â€Å" HTML â€Å" private ListView[] group = new ListView[groupNo]; // , 1? rivate ObservableList[] myObservableList = new ObservableList[groupNo]; // private Group root = new Group(); // @Override public void start(final Stage primaryStage) { // â€Å" â€Å" btn. setFont(Font. font(null, 24)); btn. setLayoutX(sceneWidth – 240); btn. setLayoutY(20); btn. setPrefSize(220, 50); // â€Å" HTML â€Å" btn1. setFont(Font. font(null, 24)); btn1. setLayoutX(sceneWidth – 240); btn1. setLayoutY(20); btn1. setPrefSize(220, 50); btn1. se tVisible(false); initArray(); // taIdArray? studentIdArray drawGroupList(); // , root. getChildren(). ddAll(btn, btn1); // Scene scene = new Scene(root, sceneWidth, sceneHeight); // primaryStage. setTitle(â€Å" â€Å"); // primaryStage. setScene(scene); // primaryStage. show(); // //† â€Å" ( ) btn. setOnAction(new EventHandler() { @Override public void handle(ActionEvent event) { btn. setVisible(false); randomGrouping(); btn1. setVisible(true); } }); //† HTML â€Å" ( ) btn1. setOnAction(new EventHandler() { @Override public void handle(ActionEvent event) { writeToFile(); btn1. setVisible(false); } }); } ** * JavaFX main() IDE FX * NetBeans main() * * @ args */ public static void main(String[] args) { launch(args); } private void drawGroupList() { int k; for (int j = 0; j < groupNo; j++) { myObservableList[j] = FXCollections. observableArrayList(); group[j] = new ListView(); group[j]. setStyle(â€Å"-fx-font-size:18;†); group[j]. setItems(myObservableList [j]); group[j]. setLayoutX(20 + j * 60); group[j]. setLayoutY(20 + j * 34); group[j]. setPrefSize(360, 320); k = j + 1; myObservableList[j]. add(â€Å"? † + k + â€Å"? [ :† + taIdArray. et(j) + â€Å",† + taDb. findName(taIdArray. get(j)) + â€Å"]†); final int i = j; group[j]. setOnMouseClicked(new EventHandler() { @Override public void handle(MouseEvent event) { group[i]. toFront(); } }); root. getChildren(). add(group[j]); } } private void initArray() { // id Iterator taIterator = taDb. getIterator(); while (taIterator. hasNext()) { taIdArray. add(taIterator. next()); } // id , Iterator studentsIterator = studentsDb. getIterator(); while (studentsIterator. hasNext()) { studentIdArray. add(studentsIterator. ext()); } } private void randomGrouping() { // , int i, j, num = 0; Random studentsRandom = new Random(); for (i = 0; i < groupNo; i++) { j = 0; if (i < studentsNo % groupNo) { while (((studentsNo – num) ! = 0) && (j < studentsNo / groupNo + 1)) { j++; int studentNo = studentsRandom. nextInt(studentsNo – num); myObservableList[i]. add(studentsDb. findclassName(studentIdArray. get(studentNo)) + â€Å",† + studentIdArray. get(studentNo) + â€Å",† + studentsDb. findName(studentIdArray. get(studentNo))); studentAdd. add(studentIdArray. et(studentNo)); studentIdArray. remove(studentNo); num++; if (num == studentsNo) { break; } } } else { while (((studentsNo – num) ! = 0) && (j < studentsNo / groupNo)) { j++; int studentNo = studentsRandom. nextInt(studentsNo – num); myObservableList[i]. add(studentsDb. findclassName(studentIdArray. get(studentNo)) + â€Å",† + studentIdArray. get(studentNo) + â€Å",† + studentsDb. findName(studentIdArray. get(studentNo))); studentAdd. add(studentIdArray. get(studentNo)); studentIdArray. remove(studentNo); num++; f (num == studentsNo) { break; } } } } } private void writeToFile() { writeToHtml(htmlFileName); createCss(cssFileName); } private void writeToHtml(String fileName) { // HTML , PrintWriter wr = null; try { wr = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(htmlFileName)); } catch (IOException ex) { Logger. getLogger(JavaFXGrouping. class. getName()). log(Level. SEVERE, null, ex); } wr. println(â€Å"

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Critical success factors of PM Essay Example

Critical success factors of PM Essay Example Critical success factors of PM Essay Critical success factors of PM Essay The articles focus Is limited to the European Funded projects in Bulgaria and he Authors believe that identifying the critical success factors of project management, significantly helps managers to gear the project focus In order to achieve the projects main goal within budget, resource and time. The article suggests selected core factors identified through empirical study of project success factors conducted by a sample survey of managers and experts from relevant organizations of projects supported by European programs. According to Mantilla and Allan, the previous researches on Identifying project success factors are traditional. This is because the researches narrowly focus on the effectiveness of project management tools used by project managers. Though proper utilization of these tools could contribute for the achievement of project goal, there are a wide range of project success factors that can potentially Influence the project success. Mantilla and Allan(2012). Mantilla and Allan postulate that the success of a project depends on the fulfillment of some factors which they call critical. They insist on the existence of major factors that are prerequisite for a project to attain Its goal. The concepts In the hypothesis sound clear as there are some widely accepted Independent factors that significantly influence (which can later be supported with academic findings in the area) the achievement of a projects intention. The authors didnt discuss how the absences of the given potential factors make a project fall. The hypothesis in this article Is also empirical. It Is supported by practical evidences that are found from 132 project managers and project team members. Regarding this point there are some limitations on the types of respondents which I raise later in the evaluation section. The hypothesis is limited both in geography and the type of project it deals with. The article focuses on projects funded by Operational Programs of the European Commission in Bulgaria. When it comes to the literature, Mantilla and liana have established a literature on identifying critical success factors of project management. The authors explain the absence of unified treatment and definition of the concept In the field though there Is a general agreement on the significance of sarong out critical success factors In the practice of project management. Mantilla and Allan (2012) provide pretty consolidated detail evidences on what is more important in project management. Its all about whether project stakeholders are testified by Its results. This is a widely accepted principle but the problem on this regard Is, the authors didnt specify the types of project as there are different types of projects with various range of goals. For instance, in general terms, the intentions of commercial projects and a relief project are not similar. The same is true to their scholars like, Dry. Rash and Dry. Mimed (2014) It is impossible to generate universal checklist for project success criteria suitable for all projects. Success criteria differ from project to project depending on various numbers of issues like size, uniqueness ND complexity In addition to this, client satisfaction is very hard to measure Paul and Derek (2008) different stakeholders sense and measure success in different ways with in a single project. Success is different for different stakeholders in a certain project. This is usually based on their contribution and expectation. Other literature supports are also discussed on the subject in relation to the existence of two major groups of project success factors which are stated as strategic and tactical. The strategic group includes project mission, top management support and project scheduling. The tactical aspect includes client consulting, human resource selection and personnel training. These factors affect project success at different stages of the project life cycle. To identify the critical success factors of project management, the authors conducted a survey where 132 project managers and members of projects have participated. They were selected as representatives of projects funded by CUE (European Commission). The sample of projects has been selected by a method of purposive sampling. The respondents have filled a questioner designed for the purpose of the study. The questioner was divided in to three main segments, questioner for project success measurement, for project execution and for the importance of critical success factors. The main focus of the article was the findings under the critical success factors. The respondents were given 15 potential factors and they were asked to identify the most critical Success factors based on their level of importance. The listed potential success factors were Competence of the manger, Support from the agency administering POP, Clarity of project goal, Top management support, Competence of project team members, Motivation of Project team members, effective communication between project stake older, quality of subcontractor service, precision in documenting and achieving of project information effective coordination of project activities, compliance with the rules and procedures established by the POP, Systematic control over the project execution, access to organizational resources, SMART planning, Competence and adequate support from a project consultant According to the authors the above lists were prepared based on literature review. Mantilla and Allan (2012). The final results of this study show the following five factors as the most critical success determinants: 1st Competence of project manager; Over 80% respondents indicated this factor as extremely important. 2nd Compliance with the rules and procedures; almost 80% of the respondents have evaluated this factor as extremely important. 3rd Competence of project team 66. 7% of the respondents have identified this as extremely important. In addition it this was identified as highly important by 30 % of the participants. 4th Quality of services provided by subcontractors 66. % of the representatives indicated this as extremely important 5th Support of the top management ; 64% of the respondents identified this as extremely important. When it comes to the appropriateness of the research technique and obtained result, the study relied on single respondent, project managers and experts. The number of the respondents may be representative, but they are all from one side of the project represents. Instead all duty bearers that contribute for a project success should have been included. For instance we cant see stakeholders views, end users (client) participation, and not even implementers Judgment. How can we measure a project success without observing and analyzing its impact on the end users? The other significant point is we have no idea whether the project managers are successful or not in the projects they have executed so far but they are still making decision on critical factors that make a project successful. Here the point is if in case they have failed to attain the intended goal of the project, how do we trust their Judgment alone on what makes a project successful? When it comes to the list of the given potential factors, they seem limited. Mantilla and Allan, present the above list of success factors to be made based on literature review; but they fail to provide list of adequate sources for that There are also some other factors that should have been considered such as donors interest and project environment (political and social). Timothy, Debbie and Chris (2014) highlight the existence of organized and fundamental success factors donors consider at each stage of the project phase. Sponsors are demanding in all stages. This sponsors behavior factors affect the project positively or negatively at planning, implementing, monitoring and closing stage with various degrees depending on sponsors interest. In their study on the advantages of best practices in project management, Livid. L, MME. C and loan. N 2010) emphasizes adopting best practices as a main factor that leads to successful project management. Through identifying and best practices, we develop international approach of labor, better process quality and better monitoring and controlling etc. Mantilla and Allan proved the above five factors to be very critical for a project to be successful, but there is no prove on how the absence of these factors can result in project failure. For instance according to Dry. Rash and Dry. Emends(2014) ,the failure of a management may not always bring about failure to a project and good project management does not always guarantee complete project success. It is possible to achieve a successful project even when management has failed and vice versa. In this review I have discussed Mantillas and Laminas article on Critical success factors of a project. The article covers several points on the existing approaches to project success.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Visas para novios para visitar a sus parejas en EE.UU.

Visas para novios para visitar a sus parejas en EE.UU. Cuando los miembros de una pareja viven en distintos paà ­ses y uno de los novio est en Estados Unidos y el otro fuera surge la pregunta de quà © visa debe solicitar el que se encuentra en el extranjero para ingresar a EE.UU. La respuesta depende de cul es la finalidad de la visa,  ¿es solo visitar o contraer matrimonio y, a continuacià ³n, obtener los papeles de la residencia permanente? Las reglas que se explican a continuacià ³n aplican tanto a parejas conformadas por una mujer y un varà ³n como a las homosexuales, ya que en EE.UU. las parejas del mismo sexo siguen las mismas reglas migratorias que las heterosexuales. Visas para novios extranjeros para ingresar a EE.UU. Cuando la intencià ³n es solo visitar:Canadienses siguen sus propias reglasVisa de cruce para residentes en la zona fronterizaExencià ³n de visa para chilenos y espaà ±olesVisa de turista para el restoCuando la intencià ³n es contraer matrimonio:Visa K-1, solo para prometidos de ciudadanos estadounidenses.Problemas que pueden surgir en ambos casos:Acusacià ³n de fraude de ley.No respetar los plazos. Visa para novios cuando la intencià ³n es solo visitar El novio extranjero debe ingresar a EE.UU. como turista cuando su à ºnica intencià ³n de visitar a su pareja y, tras la visita, regresar a su paà ­s de origen o de residencia. En este caso las opciones son las siguientes: En el caso de chilenos y los espaà ±oles  pueden viajar sin visa por pertenecer al  Programa de Exencià ³n de Visas (VWP, por sus siglas en inglà ©s). Si llegan por avià ³n tienen que solicitar una autorizacià ³n electrà ³nica para volar que se conoce como ESTA y se tramita por internet. El tiempo mximo que se puede estar en Estados Unidos es de 90 dà ­as, sin posibilidad de extensià ³n. Esta opcià ³n tambià ©n aplica a los ciudadanos de otra treintena de paà ­ses, la mayorà ­a de los cuales son europeos y asiticos y estn incluidos en dicho programa. Por otro lado, los ciudadanos canadienses siguen reglas que sà ³lo aplican a ellos. Adems, los mexicanos y residentes en la zona fronteriza entre Mà ©xico y Estados Unidos pueden solicitar una visa lser, tambià ©n conocida como Tarjeta de Cruce Local, que tiene importantes limitaciones en lo relativo a modo de ingresar a Estados Unidos, plazo mximo de estadà ­a y millas que pueden alejarse de la frontera. Por à ºltimo, para la mayorà ­a de los extranjeros el documento correcto para ingresar como turista es una visa B-2 tambià ©n conocida como visa de paseo o placer. Es frecuente que se apruebe conjuntamente con una B-1 de negocios. Puede ayudar a obtener la aprobacià ³n de la visa, el novio que est legalmente en EE.UU. puede redactar una carta de Invitacià ³n, aunque no es obligatoria. Lo ms importante para sacar la visa es que el solicitante, es decir, el novio/a que vive fuera de los Estados Unidos, no tenga en su pasado ninguna causa que lo convierta en inadmisible. La causa ms comà ºn por la que se niega la visa de turista es por no acreditar lazos familiares y/o econà ³micos suficientes en el lugar en el que se reside.En otras palabras, el oficial consular va a negar la visa si sospecha que el solicitante se va a quedar en los Estados Unidos ms tiempo del autorizado o si su intencià ³n es casarse y, a continuacià ³n, quedarse en el paà ­s. Visa de prometidos para las parejas de ciudadanos americanos Si la intencià ³n de la pareja es casarse y que el novio/a extranjera se quede a vivir en EE.UU. la visa a solicitar no es la de turista sino la visa K-1 para novios o prometidos. Tambià ©n se pueden beneficiar de esa visa los hijos del novio/a, pidiendo para ellos una K-2, siempre y cuando cumplan estos nià ±os con los requisitos de edad y estado civil. Para la visa K-1 es requisito obligatorio que la pareja està © conformada por un estadounidense. En otras palabras, no aplica a los novios de residentes permanentes legales ni de otras personas que se encuentran legalmente en EE.UU. Adems, si un extranjero ingresa a EE.UU. con una visa K-1 debe casarse dentro de los 90 dà ­as siguientes a la entrada al paà ­s y proceder de inmediato a ajustar su estatus. Solo asà ­ podr obtener una tarjeta de residencia permanente y quedarse legalmente en los Estado Unidos. Cabe destacar que si no hay matrimonio dentro de plazo, hay que abandonar los Estados Unidos. No se puede cambiar de visa y permanecer en el paà ­s. Tampoco es posible casarse con una persona distinta a la que patrocinà ³. Antes de hacer cualquier cosa de esas, consultar con un abogado de inmigracià ³n, ya que pueden surgir muchos problemas porque puede suceder que las autoridades migratorias consideren que se mintià ³ para obtener la visa K-1 con la que se ingresà ³ a Estados Unidos y eso serà ­a un fraude de ley. Cuando se entra para una visita de turista y se cambia de opinià ³n Hay un elemento tà ©cnico de las visas al que nadie le presta atencià ³n pero que causa grandes problemas: es el requisito de la intencià ³n. Cuando se ingresa como turista, ya sea con la visa B-2, con la lser o sin visa por ser de un paà ­s en el Programa de Exencià ³n de Visados la intencià ³n es la de ingresar y salirse antes de que se agote el tiempo permitido de estancia legal. Si el oficial migratorio en un puerto, frontera terrestre o aeropuerto considera que la intencià ³n es quedarse en Estados Unidos, no permitir la entrada. Asimismo, si una persona que ingresa como turista se casa inmediatamente, se considerar que su intencià ³n siempre fue la de ingresar para quedarse y, por lo tanto, puede negar cualquier intento de regularizar la situacià ³n mediante un ajuste de estatus para obtener la green card. Y eso es asà ­ aà ºn cuando la persona que presenta la peticià ³n de los papeles para su cà ³nyuge es un ciudadano americano o un residente permanente legal. Es por eso que es muy importante entender plazos y tiempos cuando se ingresa de visa de turista, hay matrimonio y a continuacià ³n se pide un ajuste de estatus. Por à ºltimo, con respecto a lo explicado en este punto, cabe destacar que recientemente ha cambiado la polà ­tica de plazos. En la actualidad, las autoridades migratorias pueden considerar que hay un fraude de ley si el matrimonio tiene lugar y la solicitud de ajuste de estatus se presenta antes de que transcurran 90 dà ­as a contar desde la fecha de ingreso al paà ­s. Hasta fechas recientes ese plazo era ms corto. Por lo tanto, lo que comenten al respecto familiares o amigos puede estar equivocado, porque las reglas, simplemente, han cambiado. Problemas que pueden surgir para los novios visitando a sus enamorados en Estados Unidos Adems de todos los inconvenientes que pueden dar lugar a la cancelacià ³n o revocacià ³n de la visa o a su no renovacià ³n, el principal problema puede darse por ingresar frecuentemente en los Estados Unidos, a tal punto que el oficial migratorio en el punto de entrada al paà ­s considere que la intencià ³n es quedarse. Otro problema puede surgir por continuamente llevar al là ­mite el tiempo permitido de estancia. Y en es que importante no levantar nunca la sospecha de que se est realmente viviendo en Estados Unidos cuando en realidad se tiene un documento que sà ³lo admite estar como turista. En este punto no hay reglas de plazos fijos por lo que todo queda en manos de la opinià ³n del oficial migratorio. Por à ºltimo, si se desea informarse de manera sencilla sobre todo lo que se debe saber de la visa de turista, tomar este test de respuestas mà ºltiples. Saber la respuesta correcta a cada pregunta evitar problemas. Y para navegar en el sistema migratorio estadounidense, el mejor consejo es muy sencillo: no cometer errores. NOTA: Este artà ­culo tiene valor sà ³lo informativo. No debe considerarse en ningà ºn caso consejo legal.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Government in a Capitalism Structure Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Government in a Capitalism Structure - Essay Example faire capitalism occurs when the economic surrounding in which transactions between private parties are free from the influence of government subsidies, restrictions and tariffs and only have regulations that are meant to protect their property rights. Welfare capitalism involves the practice of businesses that provide welfare services to the employees of their organizations and State capitalism is a type of capitalism where the business activities are undertaken by the state that organize and manage the means of production. Government owned businesses dominates state capitalism and they receive a lot support from the States unlike other private owned businesses. This paper is going to scrutinize the interlocking role of the government in a capitalism structure. The government affects the capitalism structure both positively and negatively hence, their roles could be appreciated depending with the influence they have to business enterprises and citizens. Roberts (2010) stated that the role of the government in the capitalism structure is to protect the citizens from the businesses that use force and fraud and ensure that the people are protected. Government protects individuals by ensuring that their rights are respected by business enterprises. Roberts (2010) stated that the government applies the use of the military to ensure security of citizens in cases of foreign aggression, police force to maintain law and order in their countries and court systems to settle disputes and enforce contracts among citizens. Commons (2006) stated that the government makes regulations on services and products to ensure that citizens are safe from harm. This is happens especially when the government restricts the use of certain materials that could harm the health of the citizens. The private businesses have an obligation to manufacturer materials that are environmentally friendly to avoid causing harm to the citizens. The government ensures that gases produced by private

Thursday, October 31, 2019

VIDEO 2 Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

VIDEO 2 - Assignment Example All my dreams and ambitions for the future have literally gone down into the drains. ME: I understand your fears but I would strongly urge that you put away all that negative emotion and embrace life in its fullest now more than ever. You are right to assert that AIDS still has no cure but the ART therapy is there to ensure that you continue to live a healthy and long life. I will give you a small booklet featuring stories of HIV victims like yourself from all across the globe who have managed to survive with the virus for as long as 45 years. And who is to decide that you can’t go past that? Who determines whether you achieve or not? There are numerous patients around who discovered their status and yet set out into achieving their goals and dreams, and because of their extra-ordinary drive, many of them have since time immemorial been recognized by prestigious institutions and awards such as the Nobel – feats that ‘healthy’ (gestures with fingers to mean word ‘healthy’ is in quotes) folk like us can only dream of. In additio n, the mere fact that you have acquired the virus does not mean that you will die before everyone. Death can come in any form, for anyone, and at anytime of the day. I silently know in my heart from my interactions with life that I can walk out of this meeting and meet an untimely road accident and die or be left in a vegetative state, for instance. But this uncertainty in mankind’s life does not imply that we should stop living and dreaming for a better life. No. That would be to miss the point of living in the first place. Every day is a new possibility and one that must be cherished. So soldier on and choose for yourself whether you want to spend the rest of your life wallowing in self-pity or whether you want your name etched in the books of history. ME: I have known you for quite awhile now. I know you are talented in a number of ways and I want to see you use

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Current National Patient Safety Goals Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Current National Patient Safety Goals - Essay Example These professionals, referred to as the Patient Safety Advisory Group, include clinical physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and healthcare managers. In addition, the commission tailors the goals to be program-specific towards a specific accredited organization. The Joint Commission implemented the goals to assess the safety and the eminence of care provided for patients. There are some achievements accrued from the implementation of the goals. This paper explores "Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections" as one of the goals of the National Patient Safety Goals. Â  Goal number seven outlines Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections as an important consideration of patient safety (The Joint Commission, 2015). It species the need to implement evidence-based practices to prevent infections in areas such as central line-associated bloodstream infections, healthcare-associated infections, surgical site infections, and indwelling catheter-associated urinary tract infections. In addition, it presents hand hygiene guidelines and outlines goals for improving hand cleaning as specified by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Healthcare professionals infect millions of people in the process of giving care, treatment, and healthcare services in healthcare organizations. Healthcare-related infections are thus an integral component of patient safety in healthcare settings. Hand cleaning and the myriad forms of infections are detailed below. Â  

Sunday, October 27, 2019

Narcissism and Social Isolation

Narcissism and Social Isolation Thesis Statement: narcissism can lead to social isolation because of inability to appreciate anything around them aside from themselves. Introduction Narcissism is a personality disorder wherein the individual feels an extremely elevated sense of self-worth compared to normal. A Narcissist thinks that he is like no one else, special and unique in every single way manageable and therefore believes that he is superior to all. A narcissist seem like the perfect kind of company in the short run but in the long run unfolds, so do their true colors begin to show. Body Narcissism is a psychological disorder that is gradually developed overtime by the involvement of biological and environmental factors. According to research, Narcissism has something to do with genetics. Narcissism can be triggered as early as the preschool years and may develop over the passage of time. Media has a big impact in transmitting narcissism to vast populations. Narcissists have such an elevated sense of self worth that they value themselves as inherently as others. Narcissists believe they are special and unique. Most narcissistic individuals require excessive admiration. Narcissists are incapable of completely empathizing. The narcissist recognizes himself as human and others as 3-dimensional cartoons in the background. The narcissist over values people, uses them and then devalues them. Narcissists are one track minded theyre not interested in other people. A narcissist is a human roller coaster fun for a limited time, nauseating in the long run. Non-narcissistic individuals get easily attracted to narcissists and their charms at first glance and want to be part of their circle. In the long run however, others will realize that narcissists only care about themselves and are incapable of genuinely caring for other people and eventually want out of their suffocating circles and shadows. Conclusion Narcissism can lead to social isolation because of inability to appreciate anything around them aside from themselves I. Introduction Mirror, mirror on the wall, whos the fairest of them all? asks the queen from snow whites fairytale and always the magic mirror would reply, You are, you are the fairest in the land. This cycle went on and on and pleased the queen. One day someone became fairer than her. It displeased her in many ways and disturbed her self- esteem so much that she would do anything to regain that title. More than anything, she wanted to be admired. A mythological Greek youth named Narcissus came across a lake and saw his reflection in the water. As he stared at his image, he slowly felt a great deal of admiration for himself. He began to fall in love with his reflection and found that he could not dare to look away from such beauty. No longer grasping the world around him while neglecting his physical needs, he died there still admiring himself. What happened to the queen, to Narcissus and to many more who get unconsciously attached to their own images is what people, today, call Narcissism. Have you ever been described as a vain individual? Have you ever tried describing someone as egocentric? Do you even know what those two words mean? According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, vain refers to having or showing undue or excessive pride in ones appearance or achievements while egocentric is defined as limited outlook or concern to ones activities or needs. Too much of either or too much of both becomes a disturbing characteristic for any individual in general. These two characteristics are also words suitable for describing a narcissistic individual. Narcissism is a personality disorder wherein the individual feels an extremely elevated sense of self worth. He may also insist on being first in line to grab opportunities to gain more fame and admiration. A narcissistic individual thinks that he is like no one else, special and unique in every single way imaginable and therefore believes that he is superior to all. This mindset lets the narcissist feel like no one can shine center stage as much as he does. Since he assumes and is convinced that he is unique, he feels that everyone is bound to give parts of their attention to him from time to time. He also believes that he was born to be treated in an extra special manner. Since these individuals seemingly shine in the spotlight and stand out in a crowd, people would get attracted to them. People would want to shine with them and share the same circle with the beautiful and the famous. Unfortunately, narcissists would seem like the perfect kind of company in the short run but as the long run unfolds; so do their true colors and inner divas begin to show. Narcissists cant empathize or love and therefore have no friends (Rachel, 2009). Narcissism can lead to social isolation because of inability to appreciate anything around them aside from themselves. Social isolation potentially leads to depression, placing narcissists at high risk for developing suicidal ideations on the longer run. III. BODY Narcissism is a psychological disorder that is gradually developed over time by the involvement of biological and environmental factors. According to research, Narcissism has something to do with genetics. It is said that children who have Narcissistic parents are most likely to develop Narcissism hence making it a natural and heritable character trait. Geneticists have also started to relate the existence of particular differences in genes with personality disorders. According to a study featured in the 2007 issue of the International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, a particular gene referred to as tryptophan hydroxylase-2 may be associated in developing certain personality disorders, including narcissistic personality disorder. Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 aids in regulating the production of serotonin, an important brain chemical involved in mood regulation. Narcissism can be triggered as early as preschool years and may develop over the passage of time. Parent-child relationships including the different styles of parenting are the center of the development of Narcissism. It is believed that narcissism would likely develop as a result of parental rejection. A study from Kohut (1971) attributed narcissism to the inconsistency and lack of empathy of parents to their child. With this, the child seeks attention from others because it presumably is lacking from his parents. The child may behave to the extent of promoting himself through his self-perceived talent (Kernberg, 1975) to gain positive comments from others which he cant receive from his parents. Empty Praises causes the child to feel entitled while lacking the true confidence necessary to feel good about them. The child may then believe he can trust nobody but himself. In contrary to that, narcissism may also develop as a result of parental indulgence. A child may develop an inappro priate high self-appraisal if his parents give him inappropriate positive remarks. He or she may view himself as a person with grandeur and power. We are now living in an increasingly narcissistic society. Media has a big impact in transmitting narcissism to vast populations.ÂÂ  According toÂÂ  Laura Buffadi, online social networking sites like Facebook are common avenues for narcissists since they believe that others are interested in what theyre doing and would want to inform the public of what they are doing. It appears that it might also be possible that this has more to do with the social networks we have at home rather than with those online. Studies have shown that children are left feeling emptier and more prone to insecurities when they are praised for skills or talents that they havent mastered. Meanwhile, praising children for real accomplishments help build up a real self-esteem. Narcissists have such an elevated sense of self-worth that they value themselves as inherently as others. In narcissists, theres a grandiose sense of self-importance. Narcissists like to stare at the mirror and admire their physique. They assume that everyone else is interested to listen to their stories. They think as if they have the natural talent in influencing people. He needs constant attention. Thus he shows a sense of entitlement of deserving others adulation (McAdams, 2006). They tend to use singular pronouns when talking like I, me, my, in a spontaneous speech. Most narcissists require excessive admiration. They may feel as if everyone and everything exists to serve them. They never get satisfied until they get what they think they deserve. They love to take credit of successes and are responsive to opportunities of self enhancement (Wallace Baumeister, 2002). The narcissist recognizes himself as human and others as 3-dimensional cartoons in the background. Narcissists care more about themselves than others. They tend to be in a circle of friends where they first overvalue them then use them and eventually devalue them. Intimacy and transparency are important parts of true friendship, in which narcissists are incapable of. They are one track minded. If threatened by being told that someone else has outperformed them, theyre more likely to put the other person down (Morf Rhodewalt, 1993). They use their so-called friends as instruments to bring them a sense of entitlement or elevate their status. They sufficiently withdraw themselves from others. They love themselves too much that they lack empathy. They express envy when someone gains recognition because they think it should have been rightfully theirs (Videbeck, 2011). Narcissists expect special treatment from others and often result to anger if not given what they want. To a narcissist, nothing is ever good enough and its always the fault of others. Since narcissists have a high self-esteem and are charismatic, non narcissistic individuals get easily attracted to them at first glance and want to be part of their circle. A narcissist may have a lot of friends at first but eventually they would grow tired of his countless me, myself, and I conversations. They soon realize that narcissists only care about themselves and are incapable of genuinely caring for other people and eventually want to walk out from their suffocating shadows. According to Kluger (2011), youre bound to fall in love with narcissists at hello but when you get to know them better, you slowly realize that theyre actually quite unbearable. Their confidence becomes arrogance; charms turn to senselessness; smarts turn to conceitedness. They will talk endlessly about themselves, and never mind you. They have trouble working with others since they cant easily accept criticisms and negative feedbacks. III. Conclusion Narcissists tend to have fewer friends in the long run because narcissism makes individuals feel superior, making it hard to treat others fairly. A narcissist believes that he is the only one and that he is special and unique, and no one is more superior to him. He feels an extremely elevated sense of self worth. He is grandiose, vain, and egocentric all at the same time. With these traits, narcissists are not capable of empathizing. A narcissist is not interested in other people; all he wants is their attention. He only thinks of what is most beneficial for him, not minding the people surrounding him. Since a narcissist cant appreciate the things surrounding him, he will find himself in many similar situations in the future. A few episodes of peer rejection such as these can possibly lead to social isolation then to depression and might even be a reason for the development of suicidal ideation.

Friday, October 25, 2019

The First World War (WWI) :: World War 1 I One

The war that would destroy European society had been coming for a long time. The nineteenth century had been an era of great progress,and of turmoil and conflict as well. New nations had been created. The balance of power that existed in 1815, at the end of the era of Napoleon, was disturbed. Adding to the danger was a false sense of security. Local wars had flared up in the nineteenth century, but a major war was regarded as unlikely. Looking back at 1914 today, however, we can see that each of the major countries of Europe had interests that would bring it into conflict with at least one of the other great powers. On June 28, 1914, Gacrilo Princip, a nineteen-year-old Serbian revolutionary, fired two pistols shots. One killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the nephew of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary and heir to the Austrian throne. The other killed Sophie, his wife.Austria-Hungary held Serbia responsible. On July 5 Austria asked for and recieved from Germany a "blank check" of support for any action Austria-Hungary might take against Serbia.On July 23 Austria sent a series of demands to the Serbians. The demands were designed to humiliate and virtually destroy the Serbian nation. Still, Serbia agreed to most but not all of the demands.Austria reacted on July 28 by declaring war on Serbia. The Russians prepared to defend Serbia. On July 31 the Germans sent a warning to Russia to stop mobilizing its army for war. the Russians ignored the warning, and Germany declared war on Russia on August 1. France came to the aid of its Russian ally by declaring war on Germany. The British hesi tated, but when the Germans marched into Belgium, they declared war on Germany on Aug 4.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

L’Oréal And It’s Strategy Analysis Essay

Introduction L’Orà ©al is the company that I choose to be discussed. The reason why I choose this company is because they are the world leading cosmetic and beauty product’s company and they have a strong strategy for me to discuss on. L’Orà ©al is a cosmetics and beauty products’ company and it was founded at Clichy, France in 1909. Eugà ¨ne Schueller is the founder of the company, who became an instructor at the Sorbonne after completed his study in the Institute for Applied Chemistry in Paris. L’Orà ©al was primarily named as Socià ©tà © Francaise des Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux which means French Society for Inoffensive Tincture of Hair. It is a French based company which headquartered in Paris. There are over 130 countries operating this company like South and North America, Africa and Middle East, Europe, Asia and others, with up to 25 international brands. The international brands under L’Orà ©al include L’Orà ©al Professiona l, Lancà ´me Paris, Kiehl’s, Shu Uemura, Kà ©rastase and others. Production and marketing is the main scopes that focus by the company beside the dermatological and pharmaceutical fields. They are more concentrate on hair colours, skin care, fragrances and perfumes, cosmetic products and styling products which are specially created for individual and professional customers. They also came out with kids’ products which are known as L’Orà ©al Kids. The research team of L’Orà ©al was first started with only 3 chemists but it is now expanded to nearly 2000 chemists. Now, there are five research and development centre of L’Orà ©al globally. L’Orà ©al have a slogan of â€Å"Because we’re worth it†, which is also their vision statement. The reason why they have this vision is because of building a good customer relationship is what the company priority concern. This is to provide consumers with more satisfied products by the company’s lifestyle and philosophy. L’Orà ©al believes that everyone aspires to beauty. This is where they come out with their mission statement and made the business more meaningful and valuable. They wish to help everyone in the world, no matter male or female, get knows to their own aspiration and fully acquit their personalities. L’Orà ©al is the world’s leading cosmetics and beauty products’ company. Previously, Procter & Gamble was at the top ranking in this industry. By the substantive focus in L’Orà ©al, they are capable in targeting on more investment in Research and Development as well as advertising. Through the investment, it also enables the company become a  powerful force within the industry. In additional, L’Orà ©al also became the world’s biggest supplier for cosmetic products which hold over 19% market shares. By contrast, the company that ranked second, which is the Està ©e Lauder was quite far distant from L’Orà ©al as it occupied only 8%. With the help of cutting-edge technology, L’Orà ©al also took a strong pace in the introduction of their skin care products. Strategic Analysis SWOT Analysis of L’Orà ©al Strengths The main strength of L’Orà ©al is to offer the best products to their customers by continually conducting strong and new research, innovation and development in the concept of beauty. They are also leading the beauty and cosmetic industry with this type of research strategy, even in the competition market. Besides, L’Orà ©al situated more consideration in their specific actions and events. Their actions and events basically will be divided into five groups and the consumer product division as the main. In consumer product division, all their scopes are published through a gigantic market. Secondly is their luxury product division that included international brands. These products can get it through perfumeries, department outlet and duty free outlets. The next is their expert hair care items utilized by the expert beauticians and market through hair salon. This has been categorized into the professional product division and this division helps to keep up the nature of L’oreal Group. Other than that, another ability of L’Orà ©al is about their advertising strategy that being the key element toward the growth of the company. Throughout accomplishing the nature of their target market promotes through advertisement is the most ideal way. Weaknesses Dispersible of the hierarchical structure within a company is the greatest shortcoming which is usually faced by most of the organization including L’Orà ©al. On account of the numerous subdivisions of L’Orà ©al make it harder to run and control by the company. Thus, as a result of this, the manufactures of organization become more inefficient. Another weakness which the organization confronts is that their profits. The margin between their  cost price and offering cost is relatively lower than their other minor rivals. Thus, the profit they earn is different from their expectation. This is likewise happening in extensive advertisement and marketing. Last but not least, L’Orà ©al’s multinational promoting strategy is also their weakness. The reason why is become their shortcoming is mainly due to a few distinctions happened in the promotion and campaign of L’Orà ©al products, in the matter of what kind of image they are trying to present. Opportunities L’Orà ©al Group targeted on providing beauty and makeup products for different age levels of ladies. The constant market demand on these beauty products had allow L’Orà ©al to take the opportunity to focus on their areas of expertise, especially on their hair styling and colour, fragrance and perfume, cosmetics and skin cares. L’Orà ©al appeared with a famous and familiar image around the world even in those developing countries. This company acts as the pioneer brand in the industry as well. Another open door for the organization is that they obtained a lot of market share because of numerous registered patents by L’Orà ©al. Threats For L’Orà ©al, the greatest threat they commonly meet is that they need to confront with competitions among the same industry. Because their products continue to increase with, and therefore this may cause other brands took L’Orà ©al advantage of their profits. Besides, different economic conditions can also pose a threat to L’Orà ©al. Since the greater parts of the products are just inside the range of the populace of developed nations yet in some way L’Orà ©al takes care of this issue. Moreover, they produce products for the populace of under developed nations. In this manner, although the public do not think that L’Orà ©al’s products are daily needs, and it may be accompanied rejection, but the company is still in the best production lines to produce their products. Porter’s Five Force Model of L’Orà ©al Rivalry among the competitive firms (High) Various companies’ competitiveness, for example Proctor and Gamble, Avon, Estee Lauder and Shiseido push L’Orà ©al into the more elevated amount of rivalry in the current business of cosmetic and skin care products. These  contenders attempt to increase more market shares by keeping implement various strategies. L’Orà ©al needs nonstop quality enhancements for every production line in order to guarantee survival of this company in the industry. They must enhance their marketing channels with the assistance of highest technology and innovation to obtain more market share and globally targeted their market. Potential Entrants (Low) It can be considered very low in the participation of potential entrants into this moderate industry. The market already exists with strong company like Estee Lauder, Avon, Olay, Proctor and Gamble, as well as L’Orà ©al. This is very obvious that, there will be no serious threat or maybe little threat from any beginner of the business. L’Orà ©al does not appear to have such a tremendous risk from any potential entrants. Potential Developments of Substitutes (Low) Aging is the main reason why people around the world need skin cares. As a leader in cosmetic and beauty sector, L’Orà ©al seem like does not disturb by any potential substitute that come into the market. In additional, there is less substitution in the anti-aging products and so, it brings less threat to the market. Bargaining Power of Suppliers (LOW) L’Orà ©al in the profession is a giant, has the huge capacity that their production is exceeding 45 billion units every year, and therefore the supplier will have little opportunity to pose the enormous threat to L’Orà ©al. It is huge in world the quantity of supplier. Therefore the supplier has few or simply does not have the ability to bargain with L’Orà ©al. Therefore, L’Orà ©al not faced with too many threats from its supplier. Bargaining Power of Customers (High) The appearances of numerous powerful competitors like Procter & Gamble, Shiseido, Avon and other companies cause higher bargaining power of customer in the market. Because the usability of different company’s different products are high, the potential customer has the choice to go for other companies. Therefore, L’Orà ©al faced with threat of lack of customer. In this situation, L’Orà ©al must deal with this threat earnestly, as to maintain the  market share of this company in profession.

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Firefighter Employment Scenario Essay

Based on the fact that Doug and Sam earned the first and second highest test scores, is it a reasonable assumption that the city of Davis will add Doug and Sam to the certification list? Yes Why or why not? With the top scores on the exam, they should be first in line for certification and an opportunity to interview for the position in question. Can the City successfully defend itself on the basis of â€Å"disparate impact?† No Why or why not? Doug and Sam had the top scores on the certification exam. This does not automatically make them promotable, they would still have to go through the interview process just like any other candidate. The city could have easily certified additional members of minority groups in addition to Doug and Sam. Since they were the top performers they should be on the list, this could be a case of reverse discrimination. Under what circumstances may racial discrimination be proved by â€Å"disparate impact?† Disparate impact according to the book occurs when an employer discriminates against an entire protected class (Cheeseman, 2013). It would be difficult to prove disparate impact, because the city has the ability to accept multiple applicants and certify more than just two slots.